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Full text of "( Suffixes) & ( Prefixes )"

Prefixes 

A prefix is a group of letters at the beginning of a word which changes the words meaning. Here is a list of 
the most common prefixes and examples of how those prefixes are used 

( prefixes ) <aujuii 

Anti- opposed or against (anti-virus) 
virusj antivirus J^- Jj^ ,; '* • ^ " 0-4-^1 ■* aKJi * 1 ■ aS * «K3l JjV 1 «i ■ a2 Loaj& 

Auto- operating without being controlled by human (automobile = car) 

autopilot JVI jLikll Jj-» -(jL^VI <iiuljj J j « u '\\ ^j^j V— ,J1 f^ < «'jij3 j.i^'1'M'i 

Bi- two (bilingual = speaking two language) 

Cent- hundred (centimeter) 

Co-with or together (co-worker) 

Jj5U 4ialj^i oJjiiJI np -" ■* «KB l;"«l ■•-»} ajo 

Counter- opposing as a reaction (counter-attack) 
Dis- not (dishonest) 



E- Electronic (e-mail) 



Ex- from before (ex-wife) 



Hyper- too much ( hyperactive ) 

(pjiUI qa J^VI) -U3 iJUall s^ill (2)1 ^J«J UjiU a) -lie- 



ln-,il-,im-,ir- not ( incorrect-illegal-impossible-irregular ) 



Kilo- thousand ( kilogram 

"ojx, ( all rfot-.l . ^.^11 pi u'^^U 



Mega- one million ( megabyte ) 



Micro- very small (microscopic ) 



Mid- in the middle ( mid-afternoon ) 



Mini- small (minibus ) 



Mis- badly (misunderstood ) 



Mono- one ( monologue ) 

(_$j1jij1 (J^'i'n (jj^J ^5^ pi lui^U 



Multi- many ( multimedia 

jJlxl« (J£jj1j ^JJjJ ls-^' e-Liji^U 



Non- not ( non-smoker ) 



Over-too much ( overpopulated ) 

4-x-o (J^uLSjl (j^-<H V Jl ^t3jl« UC- t_]£jJuJ Lille- IJl^. JJJj 



Photo- connected with light ( photosynthesis ) 

( cA?-^! eUJl i^jau photosynthesis) »j^W jl«2 ^sB f Luibu 



Post- after ( postgraduate ) 



Pre- before ( preschool ) 



Psycho- of the mind ( psychology ) 

JaaJu (Jglfclj Lai 



Re- again ( rewrite ) 

e .ill SaIcJ Ajsj 



Semi- half ( semicircle ) 



Sub-under ( sub-zero ) 



Super- extremely ( super-rich ) 



Tele- over a long distance ( television ) 



Tri- three ( triangle ) 



Un- the opposite ( unhappy ) 



Suffix 

A suffix is a group of letters at the end of a word which changes the word's meaning and often its part of 
speech. Here is a list of the most common suffixes and examples of how those suffixes are used 

(Suffixes) cflbaui 

t _jJg uLlmJ jju L«ij3 j (^lij ja jj a ml jl 4_iL-3 J| (J*3 ^o (J nauj ) a^lSil <j>i l^jiij-o jj*j La ulli. j IaU*-o )J*~ A ■* ^Ku >^1 Jl I '"' i iaj L_i >^1 ,_A 

-able/-ible 
* changes a verb into an adjective 

* meaning 'able to be' 
Avoid (v) avoidable (adj) 

« JJI f tal Jt SjAslI ^i»j UjI La£ 4q.,-i JJ J*i (_y> * -KU 4JLs. Jji2 Ai=.iU( aJlA 4iLi>) .lie 

: Ji, 

(J*i- jji=u) Flame 
(U^ - jijj^u jjii) Flammable 

-age 

* change a verb into a noun 

* meaning 'the action described by the verb or the result of it' 

Marry (v) marriage (n) 

(j.i-2-jji;) Marry 

(H - £ ijj) Marriage 

^ai 
1- * changes a noun into an adjective 

* meaning 'relating to' 
Nation (n) national (adj) 

J) eLaSJVI j^-JJtJ La£ Aii^a JJ p^il (j^i 4 -KU jjijj 4iOUI oi» 4iLi) Ajc 

:Ji. 

(^i- (jLj ) Nation 

(<l^_ jJaj) National 

2- *changes a verb into a noun 

"meaning 'the action described by the verb' 

Remove (v) removal (n) 

Jxill jAx^all 4JUJ1 oi* J ^jLi j »jj| JJ "Uj^j Igjli J*i] dliuial lij 4iOUI aJA jl US 

;JUL« 

(j»i-UiA^j ) Remove 

(^i - LJJia, ) Removal 

-an/-ian 

1- * makes a noun meaning 'a person who does something' 

Historian (n) 

(r" | -C- ) > ) Historian 



2- * makes an adjective meaning ' belonging somewhere' 
American (adj) 

La <jl£>i ,-SI j aa uil el-a^jl Ajaj l^-Jla 4-aKIi I fll ■ ia2 LoAJC ljl_l^.l Igil La£ 

(^=. - tAij^i ) American 



-ance/-ence/-ancy/-ency 

* makes a noun 

* meaning ' an action, state, or quality' 

Performance (n) 

(^i -*bl) Performance 



-ation/-ion 

* changes a verb into a noun 

meaning 'the process of the action described by the verb , or the result of that action' 

Educate (v) Education (n) 

(j»i- ^ Educate 

(H- f^) Education 

^ed 

* makes adjectives 

* meaning ' having this thing or quality' 

Colored (adj) 

Xjt -~lA.il ji <wJI tdlj J-^l ^ -Kll oik (ji t^utJ l^Jli 4lOUI oi* 4iLiJ 0Jc 

(4i^=i - jjL ) Colored 
-ee 

* changes a verb into a noun 

* meaning ' someone that something is done to' 

Employ (v) --Employee (n) 

(Jjtsll (_£J^I 4_LJ QM (_$JlH tj —A ."I! C5 _i*J J aj-ul -Jl (J^qll -*'a^ ^H o^A (Jj^J 

:JULo 

(J»i- uJijj) Employ 

(^j _ uJi^ ) Employee 

-en 

* changes an adjective into a verb 

* meaning ' to become or something to become' 

Soft (adj)-— Soften (v) 

:Jli« 
(4i^ _ ^u ) soft 

(i>j - f*ii) Soften 

-er/-or 

* changes a verb into a noun 

* meaning 'the person or thing that does the activity' 
Act(v) Actor (n) 

:JL. 

(J*i _ JIoj) Act 

(^i - Jj-x) Actor 

^fui 

* changes a noun into an adjective 

* meaning 'having a particular quality' 
Beauty (n) Beautiful (adj) 

(^i -ju^) Beauty 
(U^i- jj^) Beautiful 



-hood 
* makes a noun 
meaning ' the state of being something and the time when someone is something' 

Childhood (n) 

(^i-y^ ) Childhood 
-ing 

* makes an adjective 

* meaning ' making someone feel something' 

Interest (v) Interesting(adj) 

: Jli. 

(J*i- j^.) Interest 

(<L^ - f LuA^u jj^. ) Interesting 

-ish 

* makes an adjective 

* meaning: 

1- slightly : grayish 

2- similar to : childish 

3- approximately : fiftyish - about fifty- 

; ^J*J j CAL <a!l <aa ^Ul a^A « j i aj 

^jUjli Jj^j - grayish : L» Ujj -i 

^jiL - childish : J vyj 5 ji *4&> -^ 

o U»^aaJ j - fiftyish : Lyj^ -f 

Part: II 

-ist 

1- * makes a noun 

* meaning 'a person who does a particular activity' 

Scientist (n) 

Scientist 

2- * makes a noun and an adjective 

* meaning 'someone with a particular set of beliefs' 

Communist (adj-n) 

(2i^ _ ^j _ ^j^ ) Communist 
-ive 

* changes a verb into an adjective 

* meaning 'having a particular quality or effect' 

Attract (v) attractive(adj) 

( lW - m^ ) Attract 

(U^. - Ljll» ) Attractive 

-ize/-ise 

* changes an adjective into a verb 

* meaning ' to make something become' 
Modern (adj) Modernize (v) 

(4i^_ ajj^ ) Modern 
(j«i -jj^ j^«u- j^h ) Modernize 



-less 
* changes a noun into an adjective 

* meaning 'without' 
Home (n) Homeless (adj) 

(r*\- Jjp- ) Home 
(<i^i _ jj^ _ jj^ jjaj ) Homeless 



-like 

* changes a noun into an adjective 

* meaning 'similar' 

Triangle (n) triangle- like (adj) 

:Ji. 

(^l - <ui. ) Triangle 

(2i^ _ dJ^, jsj Jc -iifcall -ui; ) Triangle-like 



-ly 

1- * changes an adjective into an adverb 

* describing the way that some thing is done 

Slow (adj) slowly (adv) 

(U^_ f J=u) Slow 
(JU- J^) Slowly 



2- * makes an adjective and an adverb 

* meaning 'happening every day , night , week , etc' 

Daily (adj-adv) 

(JU - U^j - ^jj ) Daily 

3- * changes a noun into an adjective 

* meaning 'like that person or thing' 

Coward (n) Cowardly (adj) 

(^1 _ ji^ ) Coward 
(li^a - 6fH ) Cowardly 



-ment 
* changes verb into noun 
meaning ' the action or process described by a verb or its result' 
Disappoint (v) Disappointment (n) 

(j*i - -dJ L T i^j ) Disappoint 
(^1 - JJ <±ii ) Disappointment 



-ness 

* changes an adjective into a noun 

* meaning the quality or condition described by the adjective' 

Happy (adj) Happiness(n) 

(2i^_ aj»^) Happy 
(H - "*&"* ) Happiness 



-ology 

* makes a noun 

* meaning ' the study of something' 

Psychology (n) 

4 -KU t«ll3 S^jljAl -j ■*"<*■< (CJ1I JxJl (»J«J !»ji 3 ■!<; IgiLaJ) JJC j eLiuiVI *l-al 4AS.5UI aiA - v^",„" 

(^i) (jii^i (Jc - Psychology 



-proof 

* makes an adjective 

* meaning protecting against 

Waterproof (adj) 

:JL. 
(Siua) eUH (.jlL. - Waterproof 



-ship 

* makes a noun 

* showing involvement between people 

Friendship(n) 

(jjUJI (Jjj djla^jul C&PJ pLtiuiVl (jJjSlil aAaJLuiJ 

:JL. 
(^j) alia. Friendship 



y- 

* changing a noun into an adjective 

* meaning ' having a lot of something' 

Noise (n) Noisy (adj) 

pLLuiV' qm UjSJl t_J J'"* - l" J*3j ''"'^ /c-j' p.L<u_uVl (J^aaJJ 4'a-v^U e JiA 4JI L^al . 

(^i) E ic jj - Noise 
(<i^>) jrUi jVl (> j^sii <j - gc ji Noisy